The Tarot of Marseille


The Marseille Tarot (in French Tarot de Marseille) is the best-known deck of Tarot cards and from which all subsequent cards derive. It is a game of 78 cards, divided into two groups: major arcana and minor arcana. Origin of the Tarot The investigation of Michael Dummett, a student of the Tarot, led him to conclude that it was invented in northern Italy in the 15th century. It is believed that later it was introduced in the south of France after the conquest of Milan by the French troops in 1499. The antecedents of the Tarot de Marseille probably reached that French city at that time. The game of Tarot disappeared in Italy but survived in France and Switzerland. When the game was reintroduced in Italy, they already had the designs made in Marseille. The name of Tarot de Marseille, however, is not very old. It was coined in the 30s by the French cartomancer Paul Marteau, who gave this collective name to a series of designs made in Marseille, a city that was a center for the manufacture of playing cards. The Tarot de Marseille, as it is known today, comes from drawings later industrially produced in color by woodcut (stamping from various wooden molds), made in 1751 and definitively fixed in the 19th century, which were continuously reproduced until our time. epoch.The drawings are medieval in character and are inspired by Gothic stained glass, either by the similar line of drawing, or by the colors. In 1998, the 1760 Conver Marseille Tarot was restored by the Chilean writer and filmmaker Alejandro Jodorowsky and the master postman Philippe Camoin, discovering forgotten details and new colors in the original casts. In 2003, the latest version of the Marseille Tarot appeared, edited by Ediciones Palmyra and LEMAT Comunicaciones through the LEMAT research team headed by Daniel Rodés and Encarna Sánchez, which allowed the recovery of numerous ancient symbols that disappeared from the Tarot deck. Also included in his images is the golden background imitating the system known as gold leaf used in ancient times. [2] based on images of medieval origin. In 1466, the master postmen of Toulouse received authorization to create a corporation of letter makers. However, the first letter factory in Marseille did not appear until 1631, under the master postman Chosson. This means that the name Tarot de Marseille is only commercial since in that city they did not begin to manufacture cards until almost 200 years later than those made in the French Cathar country (Toulouse) and Italian Lombardy.Structure Like other Tarot decks, the Marseille Tarot is divided into two main groups: Minor Arcana: The deck consists of 56 cards of four suits: Btons (clubs), Épées (swords), Coupes (cups) and Deniers (golds) , like the Spanish deck, and they go from Ace (1) to 10. Besides these, there are four allegorical figures for each suit: Valet (jack), Chevalier or Cavalier (horse), Reine (queen) and Roi (king ). Major Arcana: They are a total of 22 numbered cards. Sometimes, the card The Fool is not numbered, considering either the card number 0 or the 22. I. Le Bateleur (The Magician) II. La Papesse (The Popess or The Priestess) III. L’Impératrice (The Empress) IV. L’Empereur (The Emperor) V. Le Pape (The Pope or The High Priest) VI. L’Amoureux (The Lover) VII. Le Chariot (The Chariot) VIII. La Justice IX. L’Hermite (The Hermit) X. La Roue de Fortune (The Wheel of Fortune) XI. La Force XII. Le Pendu (The Hanged Man) XIII. (Normally it has no name, it is usually called L’Arcane sans nom (The Arcanum without a name) or La Mort (Death)) XIV. Tempérance (Temperance) XV. Le Diable (The Devil) XVI. La Maison Dieu (The Tower or House of God) XVII. L’Étoile (The Star) XVIII. La Lune (The Moon) XIX. Le Soleil (The Sun) XX. Le Jugement (The Trial) XXI. Le Monde (The World) No number.Le Mat (The Fool) 0 THE FOOL I THE MAGICIAN II THE PRIESTESS III THE EMPERESS IV THE EMPEROR V THE PRIEST VI THE LOVERS VII THE CHARIOT VIII THE FORCE IX THE BIRTHDAY X THE WHEEL OF FORTUNE XI THE JUSTICE XII THE HANGED XIII THE DEATH XIV THE TEMPLANCE XV THE DEVIL XVI THE TOWER XVII THE STAR XIII THE MOON XIX THE SUN XX THE JUDGMENT XXI THE WORLD Source: Back to the Natural Therapies section