Anaemia may be defined as a situation in which there is a reduce in the quantity of haemoglobin or in the number of red cells. Anaemia is amongst the most common ailments disturbing individuals. Almost half the blood curving in our veins and arteries consists of red blood cells which carry oxygen to the tissues. Just about one trillion or 100 million new blood cells are created daily in the bone marrow.
The raw resources required in the manufacture of these cells are iron, proteins, and vitamins, particularly folic acid and B12. Of these, iron and proteins are necessary in structure up the red colouring matter called haemoglobin. A red cell has a lifetime of just about one hundred and twenty days and is then damaged and replaced. Each person should have about 15 gm of haemoglobin per 100 ml of blood, and a blood count of just about five million red cells per millimetre of blood.
Symptoms of Anemia
Weakness, fatigue, be short of of energy and giddiness
The patient generally complains of weakness, fatigue, lack of energy and giddiness. Extra symptoms comprise a haggard look, premature wrinkles, dull and tired looking eyes, poor memory, shortness of breath on exertion, headache, slow healing of wounds, and palpitations. The skin and mucous membranes appear pale.